Tiger population in India in 2019 stands at 2967 individuals.
That is an increase of 33% from the last tiger Census which declared India’s tiger population at 2226 individuals.
For better future of the tiger in India, Awareness, Funding, Methodology, Staffing, and Technology advancements have resulted in a wider area covered, and a more precise count than in previous estimates.
Hence, this may not be that the tiger numbers are increasing outright – however, this is a school thought whose conclusion can only be better ascertained in the next decade.
Some figures of the Indian landscape
Tiger population in India : 2967(2018 Census)
Human Population in India : 1.31 Billion
India land mass : 3.2 million sq km
Protected areas for tigers in India : 71,027 sq km(0.002%)
No of tiger reserves in India : 50
Population of tigers in India : 2967 individuals
WWF [World Wildlife Fund]
has set a goal to double the global tiger population as follows
Feasibility studies have shown that the world population of 6000 tiger across various subspecies is possible and that this is a goal that can be achieved.
It aims to drive political momentum to get governments on board to continue supporting the aims to protect the tiger.
Aims at increasing professionalism in in Wildlife Protection through training Rangers, Developing Conservation Standards and Improve Technology to achieve Zeo Poaching.
A strategic partnership with TRAFFIC – a wildlife trade monitoring network – which is a joint program of the WWF and the IUCN(International Union for Conservation of Nature), aims to ensure that the trade of wild animals and plants is not a threat to the conservation of Nature.
Efforts of education, research and implementation in key tiger landscapes is key – with the increasing human pressures around critical tiger habitat and key corridors.
Mitigating human-animal conflict and ensuring enough space for both, man and animal
Challenges faced by the tiger in India
India has been stripped off a staggering 21,000 sq.km of forest in just 02 years : 2015-2017
According to an Environmental Research Group, Environment Impact Assessment Resource and Response Centre, the Indian Government has diverted 122 sq.km of forest per year on account of development projects. This has taken place every year from 2014 – 2017.
A Critical tiger Habitat, the Central Indian and Eastern Ghats tiger Landscape has been threatened to be obliterated by Power Projects worth $183 billion
25% – 35% of tigers live outside protected areas. Once tigers disperse, especially Male tigers which follow these paths to find new areas, do so through traveling via Highways, Villages, Towns and Railway Tracks – these are life-threatening journeys of which only a handful make it. Destruction of Corridors is a death knell for a healthy population of tigers in India. There is also a high likelihood of human death, livestock destruction, and conversely tiger deaths through Human Intervention. Lack of legal respite in any such matter is a major sticking point.
Around 1600 people were killed between 2013 – 2017 alone in human-animal conflict situations in India.
Monoculture plantations/Parks/Botanical Gardens being included in the “Green Cover” definition in statistics is a worrying trend and paints the wrong picture.
2016-2019 has seen over 100 tiger Deaths per year, with 36 caused accidents, electric shocks, and other human-related reasons. In 118 cases, the cause of death is unascertained.
For better Future of the tiger in India, Over 7,00,000 hectares of Palamau tiger Reserve diverted by the Indian government recently in September 2019.