Billy Arjan Singh, the Prince of Kapurthala came to the Terai Forest in mid 40s of the previous century. He was captivated by the beauty of this forest so much that he decided to stay back here. Those days Dudhwa was only a Wildlife sanctuary. In 1977 Dudhwa was made a national park on behest of Billy. Dudhwa is located in Uttar Pradesh and is a part of the Terai Arc Landscape. It borders Nepal, and is a contiguous forest with Bardia National park and because of that Elephants and Rhinos started to visit Dudhwa. In late 70s some Rhinos stayed back in Dudhwa. It was then that some Rhinos were brought in from Assam and Project Rhino was started in the decade of 80s. It has flourished and today about 40 Rhinos are there in approx 30 sq kms of an enclosed area. They are now being moved into another range as well. Elephants also move in this corridor and are sighted often either in the Dudhwa range or at times in Sathiana range. Dudhwa has a population of Tigers as well. Dudhwa was also home to a pioneering experiment that happened here. Billy introduced a hand bred Tigress, named Tara successfully into the wild. Not many might know but Jim Corbett visited certain areas in this region as well. The Chuka man eater was from Pilibhit area.
Other forests in the neighborhood are Kishanpur Sanctuary, Pilibhit Tiger reserve, and Katerniaghat. At Katarniaghat there is a breeding population of the endangered Gharial. The whole region is very rich area as far as complete bio-diversity is concerne. Close to 500 species of birds, Crocodiles, Gharials, Bengal Floricans, Otters, Rhinos, Elephants, Leopards, Sloth Bears, and his majesty the Tiger. This is certainly not a popular park like Corbett, Ranthambhore, Kanha and Bandhavgarh, and that is perhaps the beauty of it. Fewer people know, and even fewer visit this park. So almost an untouched serene forest.
Facts about Dudhwa National Park
Area: Total of 680 sq. km: 490 sq. km core and 190 sq km. buffer
Coordinates: Latitude: 28.5249° N, Longitude: 80.7062° E
1. Dudhwa Safari Zone: This zone is famous among tourists for its beautiful and open grasslands, Excellent Tiger and Asiatic Elephant Sightings as well. 2. Sonaripur Safari Zone: This zone is famous for the One Horned Rhino Sightings. 3. Kishanpur Safari Zone: Kishanpur is another important tourism zone in the Dudhwa Tiger Reserve, again for its Tigers and excellent Birding experience. 4. Katarniaghat Safari Zone: This Zone is famous for its Tigers, Crocodiles, Dolphins, Boating and Wild Grasslands. 5. Chuka Tiger Reserve: Chuka, also known as the Pilibhit Tiger Reserve is also a part of Dudhwa.
Reaching Dudhwa National Park
The closest Airport to the Dudhwa is Lucknow at a distance of 221 kms. One will have to drive post this point. Lucknow is easily accessible by flight from major cities in the country like New Delhi and Mumbai.
Delhi to Dudhwa National Park (430 kms)
Weather and Clothing
❯ DO NOT carry shiny/bright colored clothing. Instead, carry earthy colors like shades of dull green or olive green, beige, and grey. Black is also avoidable as it attracts mosquitos.
❯ Carry comfortable, breathable clothes (cotton) in summer.
❯ Carry layers (4-5) of thin woolen clothes rather than one heavy jacket for winter. Layers are a lot more helpful through the varying temperatures during the day.
❯ Carry a wind cheater/rain coat just in case there is a light shower.
❯ Carry a Cap/Hat during summer.
❯ Avoid wearing strong perfume while on safari. Animals have a strong sense of smell and it may distract them.
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