Kaziranga National Park lies partly in Golaghat District and partly in Nagaon District of Assam. It is the oldest park in Assam and covers an area of 430 sq km along the river Brahmaputra in the North and the Karbi Ang long hills in the South. The National Highway 37 passes through the park area and tea estates, hemmed by table-top tea bushes. The Park is a world heritage site and was declared a national Park in 1974. The landscape is of sheer forest, tall elephant grass, rugged reeds, marshes and shallow pools.
Kaziranga National Park a world heritage site is famous for the Great Indian one horned rhinoceros, the landscape of Kaziranga is of sheer forest, tall elephant grass, rugged reeds, marshes & shallow pools. It has been declared as National Park in 1974. Kaziranga National Park is one of the last areas in eastern India undisturbed by a human presence. It is inhabited by the world’s largest population of one-horned rhinoceroses, as well as many mammals, including tiger, elephant, water buffalo, gaur, leopard cat, otter and monitor lizard. Some of the birds that can be commonly sighted are the flamingo, crane, grey-headed fishing eagle, whistling teal, crested serpent eagle, open-billed stork, swamp partridge, osprey, cormorant, heron and marsh harrier.
Coordinates: Latitude: 26.5775° N, Longitude: 93.1711° E
Weekly Off: None
Yearly Off: Holi, Diwali
Functional Days: 1st November – 30th April (Partially open in October and May)
Forest Type: Tropical Moist Broad Leaf
Key Species of Kaziranga National Park
Royal Bengal Tiger
Wild Asian Water Buffalo
Slender Billed Vulture
Pallas’s Fish Eagle
Bengal Monitor Lizard
India Water Monitor
Oriental Garden Lizard
Assam Roofed Turtle
Indian Rock Python
Indian Flapshell Turtle
Assam Garden Lizard
Safari Zones of Kaziranga National Park
This National Park is divided into 4 Ranges:
1. Burapahar : Ghorakati 2. Western Range : Bagori 3. Central Range : Kohora 4. Eastern Range : Agoratli
The western and central zones of Kaziranga are the two ranges from where one can explore the jungle via an Elephant safari as well as a jeep safari. The eastern zone on the other hand not only provides jeep safaris to its tourists but also functional boat safaris. With respect to the fourth and last zone, Burapahar, it is a hilly terrain which is also considered best for birding. In addition to the beautiful terrain, it also serves as one of the best routes to explore the jungle on foot. Trekking is a common activity that a lot of nature lovers take up when in Kaziranga.
Note: The elephant safari is organized for an hour.
Reaching Kaziranga National Park
Most of the journey to Kaziranga is made via Guwahati, hence applying that Guwahati is just 250 kms away, a 05-hour drive from the park.
The closest Airport to Kaziranga is Jorhat, at a distance of 105 kms. It is well connected with the city of Kolkata and Kolkata in turn is connected very well with major cities in India like New Delhi, Mumbai, Hyderabad, Chennai and Bengaluru. Kaziranga National Park is also well connected to Guwahati. Guwahati is again accessible easily via New Delhi, Mumbai, Jaipur, Chennai and Bangalore.
Weather and Clothing
❯ DO NOT carry shiny/bright colored clothing. Instead, carry earthy colors like shades of dull green or olive green, beige, and grey. Black is also avoidable as it attracts mosquitos.
❯ Carry comfortable, breathable clothes (cotton) in summer.
❯ Carry layers (4-5) of thin woolen clothes rather than one heavy jacket for winter. Layers are a lot more helpful through the varying temperatures during the day.
❯ Carry a wind cheater/rain coat just in case there is a light shower.
❯ Carry a Cap/Hat during summer.
❯ Avoid wearing strong perfume while on safari. Animals have a strong sense of smell and it may distract them.
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